In Biblical times names always had meaning. They were meant to be descriptive of the person who had that name. This is especially true regarding the various names and titles of the Godhead. As a Person, the Holy Spirit has several names all of which have special and unique meaning. We cannot discuss every instance where these names appear in Scripture, but the following study should help us in our understanding of the Person of the Holy Spirit.
The Spirit of God
In 1 Corinthians 3:16 He is called ‘The Spirit of God’ … “Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?” This is the equivalent of “The Spirit of the Lord GOD” (Isaiah 61:1), “The Spirit of the living God” (2 Corinthians 3:3), and “The Spirit of God” (Genesis 1:2). These verses reveal the Holy Spirit’s relationship to the Godhead. He is the Spirit of Jehovah.
The Spirit of the Son
Being a member of the Trinity, the Holy Spirit is also the Spirit of the Lord Jesus Christ. Romans 8:9 offers us a powerful insight into the relationship between the members of the Trinity … “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.” He is also known as “The Spirit of his Son” (Galatians 4:6), and “The Spirit of Jesus Christ” (Philippians 1:19).
The Spirit of Judgement
The Holy Spirit, as God, is intimately involved in justice, law, and order. An aspect of His ministry concerns purity and sanctification. This is why the terms “The Spirit of Judgement” and “The Spirit of Burning” (Isaiah 4:4; 28:5-6) is used in Scripture. The Lord Jesus spoke of the Holy Spirit’s ministry in a similar way … “And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they believe not on me; of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged” (John 16:8-11). This once again reveals the inter-relationship of the Trinity, for John the Baptist said that Jesus Christ would “Baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire” (Matthew 3:11).
The Spirit of Grace and Supplication
This name is found in Zechariah 12:10 … “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications.” We are connecting this term with the Holy Spirit since Hebrews 10:29 calls Him “The Spirit of Grace.” The Holy Spirit is responsible, along with the church, for calling mankind to Christ … “And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely” (Revelation 22:17). He brings God’s mercy, and directs and draws the sinner to Christ, because He is the Spirit of Grace.
The Spirit of the Father
Matthew 10:20 describes Him as “The Spirit of your Father.” The Lord Jesus Christ points to the Personality of the Holy Spirit when He responded to Peter’s confession of faith by saying, “it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.” Though He speaks through people it is still evident that He speaks as a Person.
The Spirit of Truth
He is called the Spirit of Truth because it is impossible for Him to lie or be in error. His ministry has its foundation squarely on the truth of God’s Word, since He is it Author … “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16). He will not lead or direct contrary to what the Scriptures teach and say. This is why the Bible is known as “The sword of the Spirit” (Ephesians 6:17). Only those who are led by the Holy Spirit have the truth … “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you” … “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of” … “Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come” (John 14:16-17; 15:26; 16:13). We must have the Holy Spirit operating in our lives otherwise we do not belong to God or we will fall into error … “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his” … “Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error” (Romans 8:9; 1 John 4:6).